What Is Laser Dentistry?
How Does Laser Dentistry Work?
When used for teeth whitening, the heat of the laser enhances the effect of bleaching agents. When used in surgical and other dental procedures, the laser is used to cut the tissue. The two main procedure types utilized in laser dentistry are hard tissue procedures (for the teeth) and soft tissue procedures (for the gums). Hard tissue lasers can cut through the tooth structure; their wavelengths are absorbed through the combination of water and a specific salt found in teeth. This type is most often used to prepare or shape teeth for composite bonding, repairing fillings, and to remove some tooth structure.
Soft tissue lasers are absorbed by the gums through water and hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells. This type is most often used to treat periodontitis – a common gum disease caused by an infection damaging the soft tissue and bone supporting the tooth – by killing bacteria and promoting tissue regrowth.
Utilizing lasers is a safe and effective way of detecting tooth decay and preparing cavities. The lasers can melt the dentin (the hard, dense, bony tissue forming the bulk of a tooth beneath the enamel), and block the small hollow canals, known as tubules, that radiate from the enamel surface to the inside of the tooth. This is important because the tubules carry sensations from the outside of the tooth to the inside, often causing sensitivity in patients with worn enamel. Heat and cold, as well as sticky and acidic foods transmitted by the tubules can stimulate the nerves and cause discomfort at the unprotected parts of the tooth. Therefore, the blocking of these channels by lasers eliminates the tooth sensitivity and pain often caused by more traditional dentistry methods.
Laser dentistry also minimizes the common fear of drills in many patients, as the lasers lack the loud sound of traditional drills, and provide more sterile cavity preparation, allowing them to be more open, fresh, and devoid of debris than cavities prepared by drills. This allows for a smoother, more effective procedure, with less damage to gums, less discomfort, and less blood loss.
Laser Dentistry in Bayonne, NJ
Visit Beautiful Smiles of Bayonne, the area’s leading laser dentistry facility. Contact us to set up your first appointment. We offer affordable payment plans and convenient online services to make your visits run as smoothly as possible.