The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the hinge joint that connects the mandible, or lower jaw, to the skull. The joints can be found on both sides of your head in front of your ears. The jaw movement allows the jaw to open and close. It also enables us to speak and eat.
Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) can cause facial pain, tenderness at the joint, and difficulty in moving the joint. It is commonly known as TMJ, which refers to a set of disorders affecting the TMJ, masticatory muscles, and the associated structures.
TSome of the common symptoms of TMJ disorder include:
(a) Facial pain
(b) Restricted jaw function
(c) Joint noise
People with these symptoms experience severe pain and discomfort, although these affect women more than men.
Common symptoms of Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) disorder includes:
• Tenderness or pain in the face, jaw joint area, neck, shoulders, and around the ear while chewing, speaking, or opening the mouth wide.
• A sensation of tightness that usually relates to internal derangement of the joint as though jaws get stuck or locked in the open or closed position
• Swelling on the side of the face and a tired feeling in the face.
• SShifting in the jaw changing the way the upper and lower teeth align, also known as malocclusion.
• Some other common symptoms of TMD include toothaches, headaches, neck aches, dizziness, earaches, hearing problems, upper shoulder pain, and ringing in the ears.
To determine the symptoms of TMJ disorder, the dentist will conduct a detailed study on your history and a clinical examination to determine the cause of your symptoms and then come up with a conservative treatment plan.