Extractions are widely performed and often become necessary when you have extensive tooth damage from decay, infection, periodontal disease, or dental trauma.
For adults, dentists regularly recommend that impacted wisdom teeth be extracted, especially if there isn’t enough room in your mouth for them. They can become painful since they cannot grow normally and may become infected. Recurrent infections called pericoronitis can occur around the partially erupted wisdom tooth.
For teens as well as adults who are considering braces, extraction might be necessary if the teeth are crowded. In this case, sound teeth are extracted to create space so that the rest of the teeth can be straightened.
There are two procedures for extractions of teeth:
(a) Simple nonsurgical extractions
(b) Surgical extractions.
SIMPLE NON-SURGICAL TOOTH EXTRACTIONS
Dentists and oral surgeons can perform tooth extractions. Before removing the tooth, the dentist injects a local anesthetic to numb the affected area. If there is more than one tooth to be extracted or if a tooth is impacted, the dentist may use a general anesthetic or conscious sedation to keep you comfortable.
In simple nonsurgical extractions, the gum tissues are separated from around the tooth. Special instruments are then used to loosen the root and extraction forceps are placed on the tooth. The forceps continue the process of loosening the tooth until it can be pulled from the socket.
SURGICAL TOOTH EXTRACTIONS
Depending on your case, surgical tooth extractions may involve the removal of bone or gum tissue. In addition, the tooth may have to be sectioned into several pieces to permit root removal. Following a surgical extraction, sutures are often placed to allow your gum to heal and to control postoperative bleeding.
If you need to have a tooth extracted the dentist will explain the procedure to you. Please don’t hesitate to ask us questions about your unique case!